Ethiopia possess great diversity and endemism of biological resources. Continual interactions of domesticated and wild biological farms, under varied ecological, social and economic conditions have contributed to make Ethiopia one of the most heterogeneous areas of the world. Ethiopia is also one of the major areas of the world where crop plants have been domesticated from wild species. Ethiopia is also source of various genealogists that are cultivated globally. Different source also indicated that the term “coffee” was derived from kaffa, a region in the southern parts of the Ethiopian highlands, where it is believed coffee is first discovered.
Coffee is the driving force of economy, ecology, socio-cultural and spiritual life of Ethiopians. Nationally it is estimated that there are around 3 million coffee farming households and about 25% of the population are engaged at least on production, processing, distribution and export of coffee. It also accounts for 26% of export earnings and employing about quarter of the population directly or indirectly.